Things everyone should know about anaemia – Health News , Firstpost

  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness
  • Pale skin and brittle nails
  • Palpitations
  • Regular headaches
  • Shortness of breath

Complications of anaemia

  • Heart problems: Haemoglobin carries oxygen from the lungs to the other body parts. In anaemic people, the heart has to work harder to carry enough oxygen to the body. This extra pressure can lead to conditions like irregular heartbeat, enlarged heart or even heart failure.
  • Depression: Anaemia can also lead to depression, and increase the risk of infections.
  • Pregnancy-related complications: Pregnancy increases one’s risk of getting anaemia. Anaemic mothers can also go into labour early, and give birth to children who are underweight (low birth weight). In pregnant women, haemoglobin under 7g/dL is considered severe anaemia

Prevention of anaemia

In India, 50% of anaemic school children and women of reproductive age and 80% of anaemic children aged 2-5 years have iron-deficiency anaemia. Eating foods like eggs, lean red meat, salmon, iron-fortified cereals, tofu, dark green leafy vegetables and dried fruits that are rich in iron can help. Oranges, strawberries and tomatoes are rich in vitamin C, which helps in the absorption of iron.

Fruit juices, green peas, vegetables, kidney beans, peanuts and grain products are good sources of folate, while meat, milk products, fortified cereals and soy products are rich in vitamin B12. Incorporating these foods in the daily diet can stave off the risk of vitamin-deficiency anaemia.

While a healthy and balanced diet can eliminate the risk of iron-deficiency anaemia and vitamin-deficiency anaemia to a great extent, supplements can also help to improve haemoglobin levels. In 2013, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the Weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) Programme nationwide to provide iron and folic acid tablets to adolescent boys and girls. For planned pregnancies, doctors recommend that women start taking folic acid tablet three months prior to when they hope to conceive.

Health articles in Firstpost are written by, India’s first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health. For more information, please read our in-depth article on Anaemia: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention[1].

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